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Gaddafi' was Furious or Dictator, Tyrant or Nationalist- Hero ?

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Dirgha Raj Prasai 08-08-2017

Libyan leader late 'Muammar Gadaffi' was furious or dictator or nationalist hero for Libyan people? We should have to discuss the facts and false. I have been keen observing that during his long 42 years regime he never surrendered before the foreigners. He was dictator for those imperialists who wanted to capture Libya. He was orthodoxy in this religion-Muslim. May be, he was luxurious and furious man. But he contributed every need to the people of Libya. The destroyer and the creator both are always remembered in history. The creators become immortal and a subject to worship, while the destroyers become a character to hate. Due to the foreigners' ill intensions and conspiracies, Gadaffi was forced to be a dictator. It was due to a great mistake of America, NATO and UN to intervene in Libyan domestic matters. The result of killing to the dictator Gadaffi in his own country will not give the good messages to the world. The path for the creator of any nation can never be obstructed. The creator create the history of the society, history is the mirror of the nation. But, such killing by the foreign countries, NATO and UN is not accepted in the history of nationalism. The international forces should be reformed their aggressive style for the sake of peace and civilization.

Whether it is right or wrong, can America, NATO and UN answer? There is no electricity bill in Libya; electricity became free for all its citizens in the leadership of Gadaffi. There is no interest on loans, banks in Libya are state-owned and loans given to all its citizens at nil interest by law. A home is considered as human right in Libya –Gaddafi vowed that his parents would not get a house until everyone in Libya had a home. Gaddafi's father has died while he, his wife and mother were still living in a tent. All newly weds in Libya receive $60,000 Dinar (US$ 50,000) by the government to buy their first apartment so that they could start up the family. Education and medical treatments are free in Libya. Before Gaddafi only 25% of Libyans were literate. Today the figure is 83%. As Libyans want to take up farming career, they would receive farming land, a farming house, agricultural equipments, seeds and livestock to kick- start their farms – all for free. If Libyans cannot find the education or medical facilities that they need in Libya, the government funds are available for them to go abroad for it –not only free but they get US $2, 300/month accommodation and car allowance. In Libya, if a citizen buys a car, the government subsidizes 50% of the price. The price of petrol in Libya is $ 0.14 per liter. Libya has no external debt and its reserves amount to $150 billion – now frozen globally. If a Libyan is unable to get employment after graduation the state would pay the average salary of the profession as if he or she is employed until appropriate employment. A portion of Libyan oil sale is credited directly to the bank accounts of all Libyan citizens. A mother who gave birth to a child receives US $5,000. Forty loaves of bread in Libya costs $ 0.15. 25% of Libyans have a university degree. Gaddafi constructed the world's largest irrigation project, known as the Great Man-Made River project, to make water readily available throughout the desert country.' So, Gadaffi is known a big heartiest nationalist that he became immortal in the history of the nationalist in the world.

Muammar Muhammad Abu Minyar al-Gaddafi's 42-year leadership prior to the uprising made him the fourth longest-serving non-royal leader since 1900, as well as the longest-serving Arab leader. He variously styled himself as "the Brother Leader" and "Guide of the Revolution" in 2008 a meeting of traditional African rulers bestowed on him the title "King of Kings". After seizing power in 1969, he abolished the Libyan constitution, 1951. He established laws based on the political ideology he had formulated, called the Third International Theory and published in The Green Book. After establishing the Jamahiriya ("state of the masses") system in 1977, he officially stepped down from power and had since then held a largely symbolic role within the country's governance. Rising oil prices and extraction in Libya led to increasing revenues. By exporting as much oil per capita as Saudi Arabia and through various welfare programs, Libya achieved the highest living standards in Africa; though not as high as several similarly oil-rich Gulf countries, Libya remained debt-free under his regime. Gaddafi and his relatives had been accused by critics of taking over much of the economy.

In 1969, Gaddafi created Revolutionary committees to keep tight control over internal dissent. Ten to twenty percent of Libyans worked as informants for these committees. Surveillance took place in the government, in factories, and in the education sector. People who formed a political party were executed, and talking about politics with foreigners was punishable by up to 3 years in jail Arbitrary arrests were common and Libyans were hesitant to speak with foreigners The government conducted executions and mutilations of political opponents in public and broadcast recordings of the proceedings on state television. Dissent was illegal under Law 75 of 1973, which denied freedom of expression. In 2010, Libya's press was rated as 160th out of 178 nations in the Press Freedom.

From time to time Gaddafi responded to external opposition with violence. Between 1980 and 1987, Gaddafi employed his network of diplomats and recruits to assassinate at least 25 critics living abroad. His revolutionary committees called for the assassination of Libyan dissidents living abroad in April 1980, sending Libyan hit squads abroad to murder them. On 26 April 1980 Gaddafi set a deadline of 11 June 1980 for dissidents to return home or be "in the hands of the revolutionary committees". Gaddafi stated explicitly in 1982 that "It is the Libyan people's responsibility to liquidate such scums who are distorting Libya's image abroad." Libyan agents have assassinated dissidents in the United States, Europe, and the Middle East. As of 2004 Libya still provided bounties on critics, including $1 million for one journalist During the 2005 civil unrest in France, Gaddafi called Chirac and offered him his help in quelling the resistors, who were largely North African. There are growing indications that Libya's Gaddafi-era intelligence service had a cozy relationship with western spy organizations including the CIA, who voluntarily provided information on Libyan dissidents to the regime in exchange for using Libya as a base for extraordinary renditions.

Libya enjoys large natural resources, which Gaddafi utilized to help develop the country. Under Gaddafi's 'jamahiriya' direct democracy regime, the country's literacy rate rose from 10% to 90%, life expectancy rose from 57 to 77 years, employment opportunities were established for migrant workers, and welfare systems were introduced that allowed access to free education, free healthcare, and financial assistance for housing. The Great Manmade River was also built to allow free access to fresh water across large parts of the country. In addition, financial support was provided for university scholarships and employment programs. The country was developed without taking any foreign loans. As a result, Libya was debt-free under Gaddafi's regime.

The Economy of Libya was centrally planned and followed Gaddafi's socialist ideals. It benefited greatly from revenues from the petroleum sector, which contributed most export earnings and 30% of its GDP. These oil revenues, combined with a small population and by far Africa's highest Education Index gave Libya the highest nominal GDP per capita in Africa. Between 2000 and 2011, Libya recorded favourable growth rates with an estimated 10.6 percent growth of GDP in 2010, the highest of any state in Africa. Gaddafi had promised "a home for all Libyans" and during his rule, new residential areas rose in empty Saharan regions.

On 4 March 2008 Gaddafi announced his intention to dissolve the country's existing administrative structure and disburse oil revenue directly to the people. The plan included abolishing all ministries; except those of defence, internal security, and foreign affairs, and departments implementing strategic projects. In 2009, Gaddafi personally told government officials that Libya would soon experience a "new political period" and would have elections for important positions such as minister-level roles and the National Security Advisor position (a Prime Minister equivalent). He also promised to include international monitors to ensure fair elections.

Libya's society became increasingly Islamic during Gaddafi's rule. His "purification laws" were put into effect in 1994, punishing theft by the amputation of limbs, and fornication and adultery by flogging. Under the Libyan constitution, homosexual relations are punishable by up to 5 years in jail. A Westerner was shocked in 2005 to see Libyan society, saying it was: 'A country without alcohol, where the population abides by strict codes of male-female conduct that require both sexes to stay virgins until marriage—there are no dance clubs, no bars, no young couples strolling down the street, holding hands.

From the beginning of his leadership, Gaddafi confronted foreign oil companies for increases in revenues. Immediately after assuming office, he demanded that oil companies pay 10 percent more taxes and an increased royalty of 44 cents per barrel. Gaddafi argued that Libyan oil was closer to Europe, and was cheaper to ship than oil from the Persian Gulf. Western companies refused his demands, and Gaddafi asserted himself by cutting the production of Occidental Petroleum, an American company in Libya, from 800,000 to 500,000 that year Occidental Petroleum's President, Armand Hammer, met with Gaddafi in Tripoli and had difficulty understanding exactly what he wanted at first.

In 1998, Gaddafi turned his attention away from Arab nationalism. He eliminated a government office in charge of promoting pan-Arab ideas and told reporters "I had been crying slogans of Arab Unity and brandishing standard of Arab nationalism for 40 years, but it was not realised. Gaddafi's support frequently went to leaders recognized by the United Nations as dictators and warlords. Gaddafi used anti-Western rhetoric against the UN, and complained that the International Criminal Court was a "new form of world terrorism" that wanted to recolonize developing countries. Gaddafi's strong military support and finances gained him several allies across the continent. He was bestowed with the title "King of Kings of Africa" in 2008, as he had remained in power longer than any African king. Gaddafi was celebrated in the presence of over 200 African traditional rulers and kings, although his views on African political and military unification received a lukewarm response from their governments.Gaddafi supported militant organizations that held anti-Western sympathies around the world.

Following the 1986 bombing of Libya, Gaddafi intensified his support for anti-American government organizations. He financed the Nation of Islam. Gaddafi also sought close relations with the Soviet Union and purchased arms from the Soviet bloc.After the fall of Soviet client states in eastern Europe, Libya appeared to reassess its position in world affairs and began a long process of improving its image in the West.

Gaddafi's government faced growing opposition from Islamic extremists during the 1990s, particularly the Libyan Islamic Fighting Group, which nearly assassinated him in 1996. Gaddafi began giving counter-terrorism intelligence to MI6 and the CIA in the 1990s, and issued the first arrest warrant for Osama bin Laden in 1998, after he was linked to the killing of German anti-terrorism agents in Libya. Gaddafi also accused the United States of training and supporting bin Laden for war against the Soviet Union. He said the United States was bombing al-Qaeda camps and that they had supported and built for him in the past. Gaddafi also claimed that the bombing attempts by Bill Clinton were done to divert attention from his sex scandal.

On 17 February 2011, major political protests began in Libya against Gaddafi's government. During the following week these protests gained significant momentum and size, despite stiff resistance from the Gaddafi government. By late February the country appeared to be rapidly descending into chaos, and the government lost control of most of Eastern Libya. Gaddafi fought back, accusing the rebels of being "drugged" and linked to al-Qaeda. His military forces killed rebelling civilians, and relied heavily on the Khamis Brigade, led by one of his sons Khamis Gaddafi, and on tribal leaders loyal to him. He imported foreign mercenaries to defend his government, reportedly paying Ghanaian mercenaries as much as US$2,500 per day for their services

At the beginning of March 2011, Gaddafi returned from a hideout, relying on considerable amounts of Libyan and US cash that had apparently been stored in the capital Gaddafi's forces had retaken momentum and were in shooting range of Benghazi by March 2011 when the UN declared a no fly zone to protect the civilian population of Libya. On 30 April the Libyan government claimed that a NATO airstrike killed Gaddafi's sixth son and three of his grandsons at his son's home in Tripoli. Government officials said that Muammar Gaddafi and his wife were visiting the home when it was struck, but both were unharmed. Gaddafi son's death came one day after the Libyan leader appeared on state television calling for talks with NATO to end the airstrikes which have been hitting Tripoli and other Gaddafi strongholds since the previous month. Gaddafi suggested there was room for negotiation, but he vowed to stay in Libya. Western officials remained divided over whether Gaddafi was a legitimate military target under the United Nations Security Council resolution that authorized the air campaign. US Defense Secretary Robert Gates said that NATO was "not targeting Gaddafi specifically" but that his command-and-control facilities were legitimate targets—including a facility inside his sprawling Tripoli compound that was hit with airstrikes 25 April.

In connection with the Libyan uprising, Gaddafi's attempts to influence public opinion in Europe and the United States came under increased scrutiny. Since the beginning of the 2011 conflict a number of countries pushed for the international isolation of Colonel Muammar Gaddafi's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya. On 15 July 2011, at a meeting in Istanbul, more than 30 governments recognised the Transitional National Council (TNC) as the legitimate government of Libya.

During the Battle of Tripoli, Gaddafi lost effective political and military control of Tripoli after his compound was captured by rebel forces. Rebel forces entered Green Square in the city center, tearing down posters of Gaddafi and flying flags of the rebellion. He continued to give addresses through radio, calling upon his supporters to crush the rebels. Gaddafi was known for erratic statements, and commentators often expressed uncertainty about what was sarcasm and what was simply incoherent. Over the course of his four-decade rule, he accumulated a wide variety of eccentric and often contradictory statements. On 20 October 2011, a National Transitional Council (NTC) official told Al Jazeera that Gaddafi had been captured that day by Libyan forces near his hometown of Sirte. He was shot dead. >Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia <

An analyst Sunanda Deshapriya writes in srilanka Guardian- 'Gaddafi was a close friend of the government of Sri Lanka and of President Rajapaksha. Only a few countries condemned the killing of Gaddafi in such a cold blooded manner. The government of Sri Lanka, although it did not condemn the killing, called for an explanation of his death. A number of government ministers have condemned the killing. Issuing a statement consisting of 21 words in one sentence, the government of Sri Lanka said: '' “The Government of Sri Lanka is of the opinion that the circumstances surrounding the death of Colonel Muammar Gaddafi require an explanation.” This statement is commendable especially in the context when even a country like China, which has been a stronger supporter of Gaddafi and his government, issued a more muted statement. The statement by China's foreign ministry said: 'Gaddafi's death marks the turning of a page in Libya's history.' China also called for a rapid launch of an inclusive political process to find unity in the country, and the launch of economic restructure, to make its people live peacefully and happily.'

In the context of Sovereign and Pious country-NEPAL, the western countries have been involving in this zone to disintrigrate China in the name of Free-Tibet and for Christinity in Nepal against Hinduism and Buddhisim. The Western countries, certainly, there is a reluctance to enquire too deeply into the affairs of organized Christianity—both at home and overseas. The western countries especially American's CIA and EU have managed to define a global order largely in its own terms, with decisive help from its Christian missionaries. It was the support of the Maoists that made possible secularism and republic in Nepal. They plan to turn Nepal into a Christian state by instilling fear of Maoist army. However the nationalist side in the Maoist party has understood this plot. They will not support the foreigner's agendas.

The Christian Missionary people knew that the Nepalese Hindu monarch is the symbol of Hindu faith all over the world like the British monarchy as the symbol of Christian faith all over the world. So, they conspired to abolish the only Hindu Royal institution in the world. If we keenly observe the style of American policy, since the II Great War, America is fully involving to create anarchism in Arabian countries, Africa and Asian countries. America has given full liberty to it to indulge in indiscriminate human rights violations against the Hindu and Muslim. US, Israel including America harbor ambitions of becoming world powers and are pathologically anti-Hindus and Muslims.

It is to be noted that whenever America destabilizes a nation it instigates discord in the ethnic line. They are made to raise the issue of language. They are shown economic incentives and convert Christian. May I present an example of American conspiracy in Sudan by the Christian? This oil rich country has for years been caught in a debilitating and destructive civil war that has pitted a Muslim government centered in the north against the southern Christians. We have been observing the reality of the conspirator intervention of American Christian, the south African leader Nelson Mandela said that when Christian missionary came in Africa we had land and they had Bible, now they have land we have Bible.' So the design of Christian Mission is related to grab others land and cultural identities. Over the last decade, USAID has spent $1.2 billion, most of it to support the SPLA, the Christian rebel group in Southern Sudan. The CIA-USAID-Missionary partnership story in Sudan is completed. Being the dubious activities of USA, now- 2011, Sudan is divided- North and South.

Yes, if III world war starts, the world will be divided into two poles. America, European nations, India and Christian countries will be divided into one pole. UN and NATO will confuse. (?) Hindu (all over the world including Indian), Buddhist and Muslim religions for their survival will come under one alliance. Nepal, China, Iran, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Burma, Malaysia, Russia, Arabian countries including those against American imperialism and Indian expansionism (paper Tigers) will be united in the world war. Then nations including China will use all its force to destroy the American conspiracy.

We have studied that China is not as weak as before. Tibetan people are satisfied with Chinese policy. All the sides will incur tremendous losses in the war but American existence will end. America has sought such a cause itself. All the forces of the world will unite against it. When Hindus, Buddhists and Muslim nations and Muslims join hand, America and its supporters will not be able to resist for one week. If America wants peace it must abandon its suicidal conspiratorial plans. The days when America and its agent-NATO showed its monopoly are over. It is known- America is a democratic nation, it should think creatively to regard the aspirations of the people in the world. Nor, such kinds of intervention and religious anarchism will become the cause of the third World War.

By Dirgha Raj Prasai (Nepal)

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